Precision Capturing Publications
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Affinity purification of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain produced in a C1 fungal expression system
The Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) of the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 has shown promise for diagnosis, treatment, and development of vaccines for COVID-19. However, two problems persist with large scale production of RBD: 1) lack of high productivity upstream cell culture, 2) absence of a commercial, highly selective affinity resin. In an effort to overcome these limitations, we evaluated two novel technologies for the production and purification of RBD. Brieflccy, RBD was expressed using C1, an engineered fungal strain of Thermothelomyces heterothallica (Dyadic International1 ). The C1 platform expresses glycosylated antigens with high productivity, stability, and purity. RBD was purified using a novel affinity resin2 known to produce yields of 90% to 95% purity in one chromatography step. Affinity purification did not affect protein quality, as demonstrated by ACE-2 binding of RBD. The novel affinity resin showed excellent base stability, consistent product quality, and similar ACE-2 binding activity over 40 cycles. RBD produced in C1, in conjunction with affinity purification using a novel affinity resin, provides a breakthrough in the large-scale production of affordable COVID-19 protein-based vaccines.
Dutta et. al. 2021
Affinity chromatography for vaccines manufacturing: Finally ready for prime time?
Affinity chromatography is among the most powerful separation techniques, achieving the finest separation with high yields even in the most challenging feed streams. Incorporating affinity chromatography in vaccine purification has long been attempted by researchers to improve unit yield and purity with the secondary goal of reducing the number of downstream process operations. Despite the success in laboratory-scale proof of concept, implementation of this technique in pilot or cGMP manufacturing has rarely been realised due to technical and economic challenges in design and manufacturing of ideal ligands as well as availability of high-productivity chromatography media. This paper reviews evolving technologies in engineered ligands and chromatography media that are encouraging companies to revisit the possible use of affinity chromatography in larger scale vaccine purification. It is postulated that commercial-scale implementation of high throughput single-use affinity chromatography can significantly simplify process architecture, improve productivity and flexibility, and reduce cost of goods. © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license. Go to publication
Affinity Membrane Chromatography For Robust And Cost-Efficient Industrial Vaccine Purification
Due to the outdated manufacturing technologies used for majority of legacy products, many current vaccines processes suffer from a lack of control and robustness; hence, the highest levels of quality are maintained only at the expense of extensive QC release testing and high lot rejection rates. While manufacturers are engaged in life cycle management projects, the use of process chromatography is gaining its popularity but the implementation is still limited mostly due to the low throughput and vastly capital expense associated with resin columns. This work presents an innovative process architecture strategy taking advantage of the purification power of affinity chromatography and the high throughput of hydrogel membranes, while leveraging all the proven benefits of disposable technologies. Proof of concept studies combining Scil Affilin ligands and Natrix hydrogel membranes technologies are presented. The potential for a robust, high yield and generic vaccine affinity-based purification platform is discussed. Relying on a full process economic model independently developed by a customer, the impact of this approach on cost of goods of the drug substance for a current vaccine candidate is demonstrated.
Zhao et al 2015